Famous Spanish Artists
Some of the most famous Spanish artists are Pablo Picasso, Goya, Valaquez, joan miro, El Greco and Salvador Dalí.
Pablo Picasso 1881-1973
Pablo Picasso is not only a famous Spanish artist, his is arguably the most famous artist of the 20th century. Working in various mediums including oil painting, sculpture and drawing, he was a talented realist and his inventiveness led to co-founding the cubist movement (with George Braque). His influence touched the art world in its entirety.
While the world was experiencing a technological revolution, the cubists were inventing a new way to make, see and experience art. Classic rules for perspective were discarded and there was no longer a dominance of content over form. Cubism looked at the subject from various perspectives in two dimensions and was the beginning of abstract art.
Picasso was not limited to cubism and he worked in many styles. One of his most famous murals is entitled Guernica. It is currently displayed in Madrid at Museo Sofia Reina. It is about the bombing of the Spanish town of Guernica during the Spanish civil war. It has become a symbol for the damage and suffering caused by war.
Joan Miró 1893-1983
The Catalan Surrealist painter and sculpter was born in Barcelona. In addition to his paintings and collages , he illustrated over 250 books.
Miró was inventive and unique. He created a pictorial language of symbols and representations in his works and mixed them in with detailed recognizable forms. He frequently worked with a limited palette of bold colors.
Miró felt conventional painting styles were bourgeois and he announced his “assassination of painting” to explain his work.
One of his most famous works is the unconventional oil painting “Harlequin’s Carnival”, which illustrates the human subconscious. The Harlequin wears a mask and the painting has many objects in random order, creating a carnival atmosphere.
Salvador Dalí 1904 - 1989
Salvador Dalí was influenced by the famous Spanish artists Picasso and Miro. He worked in many different styles and mediums including painting, sculpture, print making and film. He is particularly well known for his surrealist works. He used the term “critical paranoia” to describe his process.
The Persistence of Memory
One of Dalí’s most famous surrealist works is The Persistence of Memory, La persistencia de la memoria. The dreamlike oil painting depicts a melted pocket watch. When asked if he was illustrating Einstein’s Theory of Relativity, Dalí’ said the painting was inspired by “Camembert cheese melting in the sun.” The painting is in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City.
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