The Argentina flag has two sky blue horizontal stripes, top and bottom, with a white stripe of equal size in the center.
In the center there is a Sun of May (Sol de Mayo), which is a national emblem of Argentina.
The flag was originally created by General Manuel Belgrano during the war of independence in 1812.
It was first hoisted as the official flag of Argentina in February of 1816.
The white (blanco) represents peace and honesty. The blue (azul) represents loyalty.
The Argentinians call the blue color of the Argentina flag celeste which is a sky blue. Click here for the colors in Spanish.
Another theory is that the blue is supposed to be the Rio de la Plata river and the white represents the precious metal stone
silver. It was thought that there was silver hidden in the river banks.
Argentum is Latin for silver, which is how Argentina got it’s name.
Legend has it that the sun shone through the clouds in the sky during the Argentinian war for independence on May 25, 1812 – another reason for the choice of colors .
Another theory is that the colors were taken from the Bourbon Dynasty which was in power in Spain during the time of Argentina’s colonization.
In 1818 the Sun of May was added to the Argentina flag.
The yellow gold brown-bordered sun has a face with 32 rays.
The alternating straight and wavy rays symbolize light and heat.
It is a representation of the Inca god Inti and became a symbol of Argentina’s May 1812 war of independence from Spain, hence the name Sun of May.
The Sun of May first appeared on the first Argentine coin.
In Argentina, it is a great honor to carry the flag.
Special training is required. School children compete to win the honor of carrying the flag.
Two people are required to carry the flag. Argentina’s flag day is celebrated on the anniversary of the death of
General Manuel Belgrano.
The circular cockade was created by the government in Feb 1812, as a symbol of Argentina. It is believed that Manuel Belgrano used the colors of the cockade for the flag.
The flags of six other countries were influenced by the design and colors of the Argentine flag. They are El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Uruguay.
In 1872 a statue of General Manuel Belgrano was erected in Buenos Aires.
He is riding his horse and victoriously hoisting the Argentinian flag.
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